Chronological Anthology

Follow individuals and historic events through time as families grow in parallel and finally merge together.

1500 1600 1700 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000

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1500

Birth of Charles V of Hapsburg, who became Lord of the Netherlands in 1515, King of Spain in 1516, and was elected Holy Roman Emperor (German-speaking region) in 1519. He ruled most of Europe until his abdication in 1556.

Lawrence Washington  was born in Abt 1500, Warton, Lancashire, England. Eldest Son. "It was Lawrence Washington, born c. 1500, the eldest son of John Washington of Warton, Lancashire, who first settled at Sulgrave with his second wife Amy, the third daughter of Robert Pargiter of Greatworth, near Sulgrave. His former wife, Elizabeth, died childless and Robert Washington his eldest son, born to Amy in 1544, inherited Sulgrave Manor with about 1250 acres."
Sulgrave built by Lawrence.


1509

Henry VIII ascends the throne of England. He rules until 1547.


1517

Martin Luther nails his 95 theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg. Beginning of the Protestant Reformation.


1519

Camera Obscura devised by Leonardo da Vinci.

May 2, 1519, Death of Leonardo Da Vinci. It is recorded by Vasari that Leonardo and Francois I, King of France had become good friends, and that Francois held Leonardo's head in his arms as he died at age 67.


1520

Martin Luther Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation

Cortez conquers Mexico.


1521

At the Diet of Worms, (formal assembly of princes), in 1521, Lutheranism was outlawed by emperor Charles V. But he was unable to stamp out Lutheranism at the time because of other crises. Not until 1529 was Charles able to follow up on the Lutheran issue. He sent word that Catholicism was to be restored everywhere in Germany. Many German cities and princes protested. These were called the "Protesting estates" and from them we got the name "Protestant."


1526

1 Jan 1526, The Reformation of Martin Luther The German Mass and Order of Divine Service


1530

The Augsburg Confession proclaimed. Charles V, Emperor of Germany, saw that some sort of conciliation would be in order. In 1530 he attended an assembly known as the Diet at Augsburg. Lutherans presented the Confession of Augsburg in an attempt to prove to Rome that their views were Biblical. This confession remains the basis of the Lutheran faith. Reconciliation proved impossible and Charles ordered Lutherans to reunite with the Catholic church by April 15, 1531. This had the effect of stiffening opposition against him. A military alliance of Protestants, known as the Schmalkaldic League came into being. Charles crushed this, but Elector Maurice switched sides and declared war on the emperor, forcing him to negotiate with the Protestants.


1534

Martin Luther publishes his German translation of the Bible.


1538

Lawrence Ball  was born in Abt 1538, England. Father of William Ball of Lincoln's Inn and his brother Richard, 1572-1631


1544

Lawrence Washington  and Amy Pargiter Washington  had Robert Washington  in 1544, Sulgrave Manor, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. Eldest Son. When his father died, Robert "inherited Sulgrave Manor with about 1250 acres. In 1568, Robert's Wife Elizabeth gave birth to a son, Lawrence, who later married Margaret, daughter of William Butler, of Tyes Hall, Cuckfield, Sussex, he died on 13th December 1616 in his father's lifetime."


1549

Christoph Lauterbach  was born in Probably Bef 1550, Trebgast, Franconia. There are no records in these times. Date estimated solely on marriage record.

Anna Kolb  was born in Probably Bef 1550, Lindau G Trebgast, Franconia. There are no records in these times. Date estimated solely on marriage record.


1552

The Peace of Passau. In 1552 Charles V accepted the existence of the evangelical church and promised to hold a "diet" to settle the controversy.


1555

25 Sep 1555, The Peace of Augsburg, an agreement concluded between the Holy Roman Emperor and the Lutheran princes of Germany.


1558

1558 Elizabeth I of Tudor becomes Queen of England. Her rule lasts until her death in 1603.


1564

Death of Michelangelo (b. 1475). Death of Calvin (b. 1509). Birth of Galileo (d. 1642). Birth of Shakespeare (d. 1616).


1567

On Friday, 16 Jun 1567, Christoph Lauterbach  married Anna Kolb , Trebgast, Franconia. They had one child known to the author.


1568

Lawrence Ball  and (wife) Unknown Ball  had Richard Ball   in Ca 1568/72, England. Received two academic degrees from Magdalen College, Oxford. B.A. in 1590, M.A. in 1594. Later received the D.D. degree. After receiving his education he was first Professor of Rhetoric of Gresham College. He became Vicar of St. Helen's Church, Bishopgate, London, in 1606. He received Armorial Bearing from the College of Heralds in 1613.

Robert Washington  and Elizabeth Unknown Washington  had Lawrence Washington  in 1568.


1569

Christoph Lauterbach  and Anna Kolb Lauterbach  had Kunz Lauterbach  on Monday, Feb 3, 1569, Trebgast, Franconia. Born Feb. 3. 1569, died Jan.17. 1633, (but "65 years" is written in the record).


1572

St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, in which thousands of French Protestants (Huguenots) were killed on the orders.


1582

Gregorian Calendar. In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII (hence the name Gregorian Calendar) ordered ten days to be dropped from October, thus restoring the vernalequinox at least to an average of the 20th of March, close to what it had been at the time of the Council of Nicea. In order to correct for the loss of one day every 130 years, the new calendar dropped three leap years every 400 years. Henceforth century years were leap years only if divisible by 400. 1600 and 2000 are leap years; 1700, 1800 and 1900 are not. The new calendar, although controversial among technical astronomers, was promulgated from Rome and adopted immediately in Catholic countries. Protestant countries followed suit more slowly. Protestant regions in Germany, and the northern Netherlands adopted the calendar within decades. The English, always suspicious of Rome during this period, retained the Julian Calendar. Further, while others now began the new year uniformly on 1 January, the English began it on 25 March (an older custom). Now, for example, the date 11 February 1672 in England was 21 February 1673 on the Continent. After 1700 in which the Julian Calendar had a leap year but the Gregorian did not, the difference was eleven days. The English and their American colonies finally adopted the Gregorian Calendar in the middle of the eighteenth century. George Washington was born on 11 February on the Julian Calendar; we celebrate his birthday on 22 February. Note, finally, that the Gregorian Calendar is useless for astronomy because it has a ten-day hiatus in it. For the purpose of calculating positions backward in time, astronomers use the Julian Date.  Gregorian Calendar.


1588

Spanish Armada defeated by the weather and the English fleet.


1590

Richard Ball   graduated in 1590 from Magdalen College, Oxford, England. B.A. in 1590


1594

Richard Ball   graduated in 1594 from Magdalen College, Oxford, England. M.A. in 1594

1500 1600 1700 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000



Last updated September 23, 2008. Copyright © 2008 Paul L. Hathcoat